Addressing energy needs of the future through theory guided, measurement informed synthesis
With the development of advanced simulation and data reduction tools, coupled with smart sample environments, there is a significant opportunity to develop the tools and approaches to understand and control transient materials synthesis and processing. Harvesting the power of non-equilibrium processes can reduce the synthesis time and conditions needed to form materials.
The challenge has been to understand how interactions with external stimuli (fields/currents/light/electrons/ions/mechanochemical) in extreme environments lead to energy and matter flow via out-of-equilibrium processes and thereby identify the intermediates that control the formation, nucleation and growth of the desired products. Further, opportunities exist to trap intermediates introducing new states of matter with complex bonding and physical properties.
Two recent DOE Basic Research Needs (BRN) reports are addressing various aspects of materials synthesis and application that are critical for filling the global energy needs are described in the BRN report for Microelectronics and in the Basic Research Needs Synthesis Science report.
There is an opportunity to provide key insights into these reactions, and establish collaborative science opportunities on the synthesis and processing of materials through non-equilibrium reaction conditions and couple with exascale computing relevant projects related to reaction energetics under these conditions. Furthermore, closing a fast feedback loop for self-driven experimental learning creating an agile adjustment cycle will contribute to understanding of mechanisms and process optimization for considerable shortening of design to production.
The goals of the workshop are to (1) identify key science questions of the community, (2) focus on probing and evaluating transient events during synthesis and processing of materials, and (3) identify high priority demonstration projects with potential impact. The meeting will gauge internal and external interest in this topic area, establish key scientific questions to be addressed, and seed forming science teams to address this problem.
The organizers: C. Hoffmann (NSD); G. Veith (PSD), P. Ganesh (PSD/CNMS)
Meeting ID: 161 143 9980